Surgery of the Thyroid Glands

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Thyroid Glands

Fig. 11.1 Anatomical relations between the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and inferior thyroid artery (ITA) The RLN may pass posterior (a), anterior (b), or superior (c), to the ITA. The…

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Cervical: Lymphadenopathy

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Cervical: Lymphadenopathy

Level Area Sublevels Areas drained I Submental LNs Submandibular LNs IA IB Floor of mouth, anterior oral tongue, anterior mandibular alveolar ridge, and lower lip Oral cavity, anterior nasal cavity,…

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Surgery of the Salivary Glands

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Salivary Glands

Fig. 3.1 Embryological development of the salivary glands The third stage is marked by maturation of acini and intercalated ducts and reduced prominence of interstitial connective tissue. The primordial parotid…

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Surgery of the Face

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Face

6.2 Diffuse Swellings 6.2.1 Acute Diffuse Swellings The most common cause of acute diffuse facial swellings is acute infection of the upper jaw, which results from apical infection or after…

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Swellings of the Neck

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Swellings of the Neck

Fig. 9.1 Triangles of the neck: anterior triangle (submental, digastric, carotid, and muscular triangles) and posterior triangle (occipital and subclavian triangles) 9.1.1.2 Posterior Triangle The posterior triangle of the neck…

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Surgery of the Scalp

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Scalp

I. Congenital 1. Inclusion (sequestration) dermoid cyst 2. Meningocele/encephalocele 3. Cirsoid aneurysm II. Acquired A. Traumatic 1. Caput succedaneum 2. Hematoma (subcutaneous, subgaleal[subaponeurotic], subperiosteal) B. Inflammatory 1. Infected granuloma 2….

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Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Fig. 14.1 Distal pancreatectomy specimen showing insulinomas in a MEN1 patient 14.2.4 Pathophysiology and Clinical Features In patients with insulinoma, there is continued secretion of insulin despite low blood glucose;…

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Surgery of the Suprarenal Gland

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Suprarenal Gland

Surface Right adrenal gland Left adrenal gland Anterior surface Superior: “bare area” of the liver Inferior: peritoneum and first part of the duodenum (occasionally) Medial: inferior vena cava (IVC) Lateral:…

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Deep Neck Space Infections

Jul 7, 2016 by in HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Comments Off on Deep Neck Space Infections

Fig. 7.1 Anatomy of the submandibular space. It has two subdivisions separated by the mylohyoid muscle: sublingual space inferiorly and submaxillary superiorly 7.2.2 Etiology Infection in the submandibular space may…

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