Vascular Anomalies of the Head and Neck

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Vascular Anomalies of the Head and Neck

Key Points ▪ Vascular anomalies are divided into vascular malformations and vascular tumors . ▪ The molecular mechanisms that give rise to vascular anomalies result from disordered angiogenesis and vasculogenesis….

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Pediatric Head and Neck Malignancies

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Pediatric Head and Neck Malignancies

Key Points ▪ Lymphomas are the most common head and neck malignancies in children, followed by retinoblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, thyroid cancer, and melanoma. ▪ Hodgkin lymphoma is the predominant malignant…

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Congenital Malformations of the Inner Ear

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Congenital Malformations of the Inner Ear

Key Points ▪ In congenital sensorineural hearing loss, approximately 20% of inner ears demonstrate a radiographically detectable abnormality. ▪ Many patterns of deformity appear to result from disturbance in the…

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Salivary Gland Disease in Children

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Salivary Gland Disease in Children

Key Points ▪ Most salivary gland lesions in children have an inflammatory origin. ▪ Accurate diagnosis of salivary gland disorders depends on a thorough history and a good physical examination….

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Voice Disorders

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Voice Disorders

Key Points ▪ Evaluation and management of voice disorders in children may be more challenging because of their inability to cooperate, lack of awareness of the problem, and lack of…

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Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis

Key Points ▪ Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a devastating albeit rare disease in which papillomas of the airway cause hoarseness and airway obstruction. ▪ The disease is caused by…

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Cleft Lip and Palate

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Cleft Lip and Palate

Key Points ▪ Cleft lip and palate deformities constitute the most common congenital defects of the head. ▪ The etiology of clefting is multifactorial. Its prevalence varies among ethnic groups…

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Pediatric Tracheal Anomalies

Jul 15, 2019 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Pediatric Tracheal Anomalies

Key Points ▪ Tracheal anomalies in children represent one of the greater challenges in pediatric otolaryngology. In addition to the compromised airway, there is a high prevalence of associated anomalies….

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