OPHTHALMOLOGY

Masquerade Syndromes

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Masquerade Syndromes

Non-neoplastic Anterior Corneal epithelial defects Angle closure glaucoma Pigment dispersion syndrome Occult intraocular foreign body Drug- and vaccine-induced uveitis Juvenile xanthogranulomaa Intermediate Vitreous hemorrhage Asteroid hyalosis Retinitis pigmentosa Amyloidosis synchysis…

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Approach to the Laboratory, Imaging, and Molecular Work-up for Uveitis

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Approach to the Laboratory, Imaging, and Molecular Work-up for Uveitis

Classification Related conditions Anatomic • Anterior—iritis, iridocyclitis, anterior cyclitis • Intermediate—pars planitis, posterior cyclitis, vitritis/hyalitis • Posterior—focal, multifocal, or diffuse choroiditis, chorioretinitis, retinitis, neuroretinitis • Panuveitis—anterior, vitreous, retina, and choroid…

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Tuberculosis

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Tuberculosis

Anterior uveitis Granulomatous Non-granulomatous Intermediate uveitis  Posterior and panuveitis Retinal vasculitis Multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis Choroidal tubercles/tuberculoma Subretinal abscess Tubercular optic neuropathy Papillitis Neuroretinitis Optic nerve granuloma Endophthalmitis and panophthalmitis  Anterior…

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Ocular Toxoplasmosis

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Ocular Toxoplasmosis

Fig. 14.1 Toxoplasma gondii, life cycle The only known definitive hosts for T. gondii are members of family Felidae (domestic cats and their relatives). Cats shed oocysts in their feces which…

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Sarcoidosis

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Sarcoidosis

Orbital granuloma Lacrimal gland enlargement and keratoconjunctivits sicca Conjunctival granuloma Interstitial keratitis Episcleritis Scleritis Anterior uveitis    –Acute and chronic    –Granulomatous and nongranulomatous Intermediate uveitis Posterior uveitis    –Retinal vasculitis    –Choroiditis    –Retinitis…

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Ankylosing Spondylitis

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Ankylosing Spondylitis

Radiological criterion Clinical criteria Grade ≥2 bilateral sacroillitis on X-ray OR Grade 3 or 4 unilateral sacroillitis on X-ray Low back stiffness/pain for >3 months which improves with exercise Limitation of…

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Adamantiades-Behçet’s Disease

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Adamantiades-Behçet’s Disease

Fig. 17.1 46-year-old woman with ABD. Color photograph of the left eye showing vitreous infiltrates overlying an edematous optic nerve and scattered intraretinal hemorrhages consistent with posterior uveitis and retinal vasculitis….

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Macular Edema

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Macular Edema

Fig. 48.1 Different patterns of uveitic macular edema. a Cystoid macular edema (CME). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) shows well-defined intraretinal cystoid spaces in the central macula. b Diffuse macular edema (DME)….

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Syphilis

Aug 17, 2017 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Syphilis

Fig. 12.1 Slit lamp photograph of a patient with syphilitic iritis, pigmented/granulomatous keratic precipitates, and posterior synechiae Fig. 12.2 Focal chorioretinitis (arrow) in a patient with ocular syphilis Syphilitic anterior uveitis (see…

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