OPHTHALMOLOGY

Masquerade Syndromes

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Masquerade Syndromes

Key concepts • The masquerade syndromes comprise a group of disorders that occur with intraocular inflammation and are often misdiagnosed as a chronic idiopathic uveitis. • Because many of the…

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Retinal Vasculitis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Retinal Vasculitis

Key concepts • Retinal vascular changes can be seen in many ocular inflammatory entities, some associated with systemic disease and others not. • Fluorescein angiography is very important to evaluate…

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Behçet’s Disease

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Behçet’s Disease

Key concepts • This is a multisystem disease, with the posterior ocular complications potentially being devastating. • The posterior pole disease should not be treated with corticosteroid alone. • Newer…

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White-Dot Syndromes

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on White-Dot Syndromes

Key concepts • These entities comprise disorders that are usually transient compared to those that cause long-term visual handicap. • Nuances of these disorders, such as ‘ampiginous’, can take on…

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Serpiginous Choroidopathy

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Serpiginous Choroidopathy

Key concepts • Although the typical serpiginoid lesion, when present, is distinctive, one needs to be aware that other conditions can simulate the clinical appearance, including tuberculosis. • Reactivation is…

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Sarcoidosis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Sarcoidosis

Key concepts • Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease that can affect almost every organ in the body in people of all racial and ethnic groups. • The cause of…

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Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada Syndrome

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada Syndrome

Key concepts • Diagnostic criteria for both the complete and incomplete forms of the disease are becoming better defined. • Personality changes because of the CNS involvement may be seen…

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Birdshot Retinochoroidopathy

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Birdshot Retinochoroidopathy

Key concepts • HLA-A29 is very strongly associated with this entity. • Long term the disorder can lead to severe visual handicap. • Long-term therapy is often needed to control…

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