OPHTHALMOLOGY

Retinal Vascular Disease

Jul 30, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Retinal Vascular Disease

Congenital Abnormalities Congenital retinal vascular abnormalities are uncommon and usually benign. The most frequently encountered congenital abnormality is a large aberrant vessel of arterial or venous origin, known as a…

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Degeneration

Jul 30, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Degeneration

Vitreous Vitreous Synchisis and Syneresis Vitreous degeneration is a physiologic process that occurs with age and may be accelerated in eyes with longer axial length. As the vitreous degenerates, there…

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Chorioretinal Toxicities

Jul 30, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Chorioretinal Toxicities

Introduction Numerous exogenous molecules may cause toxic chorioretinitic effects. Some agents cause disruption of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), while others produce vascular damage within the retina. Certain agents may…

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Complications of Ocular Surgery

Jul 30, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Complications of Ocular Surgery

Injections Retrobulbar Anesthetic This patient was about to have juxtafoveal laser photocoagulation for a chronic detachment. A retrobulbar anesthetic was used and the needle penetrated the posterior segment. The yellowish…

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Traumatic Chorioretinopathy

Jul 30, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Traumatic Chorioretinopathy

Direct Ocular Injury (Nonpenetrating and/or Nonperforating) Berlin’s Edema (Commotio Retinae) Berlin’s edema or so-called commotio retinae is a zonal area of retinal whitening due to outer photoreceptor disruption and retinal…

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Inflammation

Jul 30, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Inflammation

White Dot Syndromes Multiple Evanescent White Dot Syndrome (MEWDS) Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) is an acute inflammatory disorder in which patients present with unilateral, multiple, small, white spots…

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Infection

Jul 30, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Infection

Viruses Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Associated Retinopathy The most common retinal manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retinal microvasculopathy, also known as noninfectious acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) retinopathy….

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