of Phoniatrics

Apr 26, 2020 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on of Phoniatrics

Fig. 1.1 Adolph Kussmaul The new medical field was at first denominated as voice and speech pathology (Stimm- und Sprachheilkunde). The closest approximation, however, to the present term ‘phoniatrics’ was…

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and Differential Diagnosis of Voice Disorders

Apr 26, 2020 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on and Differential Diagnosis of Voice Disorders

Voice complaints Timbre change Pitch Loudness Hoarseness Episodes of voice loss Onset and nature of problems Sudden/prolonged Acute/chronic Duration of symptoms Presence of fatigue voice Changes of voice quality during…

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Kinds and Clinical Manifestation of Voice Disorders

Apr 26, 2020 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on Kinds and Clinical Manifestation of Voice Disorders

  Hyperfunctional dysphonia Hypofunctional dysphonia Pathological mechanism Irregularities of vocal fold vibration due to increased glottal resistance Glottal closure insufficiency due to decreased glottal resistance Subjective complaints Vocal discomfort and…

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and Prognosis of Voice Disorders

Apr 26, 2020 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on and Prognosis of Voice Disorders

Voice therapy (a motor learning approach)   8.3.2 Indirect methods 8.3.3 Direct techniques  8.3.2.1 Counselling 8.3.2.2 Voice rest     • Absolute voice rest     • Modified voice rest 8.3.2.3 Vocal hygiene     • Elimination of mechanical trauma     • Laryngopharyngeal reflux management     • Avoidance of…

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of Voice Disorders

Apr 26, 2020 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on of Voice Disorders

Structural dysphonia Regulatory dysphonia  Hormonal dysphonia  Neurogenic (central, peripheral) dysphonia  Malregulative dysphonia Structural-regulatory dysphonia The terms ‘structural’ and ‘regulatory’ allude only to aetiology, and all symptomatic connotations such as ‘hyper-’,…

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of Disorders of Hearing Development

Apr 26, 2020 by in OTOLARYNGOLOGY Comments Off on of Disorders of Hearing Development

  (Automated) transitory-evoked otoacoustic emissions testing Automated auditory brainstem response testing Advantages Simple testing technique (relatively minimal training needed to perform OAE testing) Superior evaluation of the auditory system (vs…

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