Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome

Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome SALIENT FEATURES Incomplete separation of the posterior hyaloid from the macula during the posterior vitreous detachment process with resulting traction is defined as vitreomacular traction (VMT). VMT…

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Lamellar Macular Hole and Epiretinal Proliferation

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Lamellar Macular Hole and Epiretinal Proliferation

Lamellar Macular Hole and Epiretinal Proliferation SALIENT FEATURES Lamellar macular holes are partial-thickness defects of the macula with intraretinal separation between retinal layers causing loss of the foveal inner retinal…

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Epiretinal Membrane

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Epiretinal Membrane

Epiretinal Membrane SALIENT FEATURES Epiretinal membrane (ERM), also termed “macular pucker,” is a common condition that arises from fibrocellular proliferation at the vitreoretinal interface.1 ERM is most commonly idiopathic and…

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Full-Thickness Macular Hole

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Full-Thickness Macular Hole

Full-Thickness Macular Hole SALIENT FEATURES Full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) is a full-thickness defect resulting in absence of all retinal layers from the internal limiting membrane to retinal pigment epithelium at…

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Uveal Effusion Syndrome

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Uveal Effusion Syndrome

Uveal Effusion Syndrome SALIENT FEATURES Uveal effusion syndrome is defined by an idiopathic ciliochoroidal effusion, which may be accompanied by concomitant serous retinal detachment (Figure 29.1).1 This typically occurs in…

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Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy SALIENT FEATURES Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR or CSR) is associated with corticosteroid use, elevated levels of endogenous steroids, stress, and “type A” personalities. Acute cases are generally…

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Dome-Shaped Macula

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Dome-Shaped Macula

Dome-Shaped Macula SALIENT FEATURES Dome-shaped macula (DSM) is a forward macular bulging present in select patients with high myopia, with a prevalence of 20% of highly myopic eyes in Japan…

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Myopic Degeneration

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Myopic Degeneration

Myopic Degeneration SALIENT FEATURES Myopic degeneration may occur in eyes that typically have a refractive error exceeding -6.00D or axial length of at least 26.5 mm along with posterior pathology…

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Angioid Streaks

May 10, 2021 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Angioid Streaks

Angioid Streaks SALIENT FEATURES Angioid streaks (AS) are linear breaks in Bruch membrane that typically radiate from the optic disc and take on a deep red, brown, or gray appearance….

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