OPHTHALMOLOGY

Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy

Common Symptoms Patients are often asymptomatic when hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy is found during screening given the initial decrease in vision is paracentral to fixation. Sometimes patients may notice changes in…

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Dislocated Lens

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Dislocated Lens

Features Dislocated lenses, including both crystalline lenses and intraocular lens implants (IOL), can prove to be interesting cases for which there are a variety of options for surgical management. They…

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Sympathetic Ophthalmia

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Sympathetic Ophthalmia

Common Symptoms Clinical symptoms are typically consistent with uveitis, including blurry vision, conjunctival injection, and ocular irritation. Other symptoms of sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) include photophobia in the sympathizing (nontraumatic) eye,…

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Ocular Sarcoidosis

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Ocular Sarcoidosis

Features Sarcoidosis, a granulomatous inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, can affect almost every organ, including the eye. Ocular involvement can be the presenting manifestation of the disease, requiring astute ophthalmic…

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Bacterial Endophthalmitis

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Bacterial Endophthalmitis

50.1 Features 50.1.1 Endogenous Endophthalmitis Endogenous endophthalmitis results from the hematogenous spread of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, or mycobacteria) from distant foci to intraocular structures and accounts for 2 to 8% of all…

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Persistent Fetal Vasculature

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Persistent Fetal Vasculature

Features Persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) occurs when the fetal vasculature of the eye fails to undergo the normal involution process. The cause of this incomplete regression of the fetal vasculature…

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Multifocal Choroiditis and Panuveitis

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Multifocal Choroiditis and Panuveitis

Features Multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis (MCP) was first reported in 1973 in two patients who had a chorioretinopathy that resembled the lesions of presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS). In contrast…

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Macular Telangiectasia

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Macular Telangiectasia

35.1 Features The Macular Telangiectasia Project proposed the classification of several retinal telangiectatic disorders into two distinct groups, now termed macular telangiectasia type 1 and type 2. Macular telangiectasia type 1…

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West Nile Retinopathy

Mar 24, 2020 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on West Nile Retinopathy

59.1 Features West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic disease due to a single-stranded RNA flavivirus of the same family as Japanese encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, and yellow fever. WNV was…

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