OPHTHALMOLOGY

Sympathetic Ophthalmia

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Sympathetic Ophthalmia

Key concepts • This is a bilateral condition. • Some reports suggest that this entity is more commonly seen after vitrectomy than is endophthalmitis. • Dalen–Fuchs nodules are commonly seen…

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Anterior Uveitis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Anterior Uveitis

Key concepts • Anterior uveitis is the most common form of uveitis, with an annual incidence of 8 : 100 000 population, and is the least likely to be referred to a…

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Ocular Toxoplasmosis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Ocular Toxoplasmosis

Key concepts • Ocular disease can occur after both congenital and acquired disease. • Recurrent disease frequently is seen as a satellite lesion. • Immunodeficient patients are at risk for…

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Intermediate Uveitis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Intermediate Uveitis

Key concepts • Diagnosis is based on the anatomic location of ocular inflammation: vitreous and peripheral retina with macular edema. • Frequently associated with a systemic or infectious disease. •…

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Toxocara canis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Toxocara canis

Key concepts • Toxocariasis is typically found in children, with the average age at diagnosis estimated to be 7.5 years. • ELISA is the most reliable and readily available test…

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Ocular Histoplasmosis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Ocular Histoplasmosis

Key concepts • Amphotericin therapy does not help. • Lesions have a high possibility of chorioretinal neovascularization. • Laser therapy has been used to treat neovascularizations, as well as anti-VEGF…

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Scleritis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Scleritis

Scleritis is a painful and potentially sight-threatening disorder. From a strict anatomical viewpoint, scleritis is not a form of uveitis but rather an inflammatory disorder that is similar in pathogenesis…

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Postsurgical Uveitis

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Postsurgical Uveitis

Key concepts • The causes of postoperative inflammation need to be divided into those occurring acutely and those occurring after the passage of time. • Fungal endophthalmitis may occur sometime…

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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Oct 21, 2019 by in OPHTHALMOLOGY Comments Off on Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Key concepts • Despite efforts at disease prevention there are still over 50 000 new HIV infections in the US every year, and HIV infection remains a global epidemic. • HIV…

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