Recent Literature (1998–2014) on Asian Eyelid Surgery (in English)

Recent Literature (1998–2014) on Asian Eyelid Surgery (in English)
Author Hwang, Kim et al. Kim, Lee Mutou, Homma Morikawa, Yamamoto
Year 1998 1998 2000 2001
Journal Br J Plast Surg 51(8): 594–598
An anatomical study of the junction of orbital septum and levator aponeurosis in Orientals
Aesthet Plast Surg 22(6):433–438
Asian blepharoplasty using short-pulsed contact Nd–Yag laser: limited-incision resectable laser double fold with internal medial and lateral functional epicanthoplasty
Aesthet Plast Surg 24(4):289–291
Intradermal stitch blepharoplasty for Orientals: does it disappear?
Aesthet Plast Surg 25(1):20–24
Scanning EM study on double and single eyelids in Orientals
Country Korea Japan Japan
Conjunctival suturing Intradermal stitch; over 7 yr, 1,570 pts
Skin incision
Remove skin No
Orbital septum
Preaponeurotic fat
Crease form
Days left in
Effectiveness 3.4% ‘revisited’ their clinic re. loss of crease
Comments Septum has outer (superficial) layer and inner (deep) layer that lies adjacent to the levator sheath Reflective of interests at the time for use of various laser modalities 30% loss within first year, 88% occurred within 5 yr. Failure rate based on only those who returned for Rx Confirms branches of lev. apon. running through orbicularis to skin in Japanese born with crease

Recent Literature (1998–2014) on Asian Eyelid Surgery (in English)
Author Liao, Tung et al. A Chuangsuwanich Kim, Youn WPD Chen
Year 2005 2006 2006 2007
Journal Aesthet Plast Surg 29(6):540–545
Celebrity arcade suture blepharoplasty for double-eyelid; CAS
Aesthet Surg J 26(3):280–286
Short incisional double-eyelid blepharoplasty for Asian pts
Plast Reconstr Surg 117(3):782–789
Management of adhesion using a pretarsal fibromuscular flap or graft in secondary blepharoplasty
Plast Reconstr Surg 119(1):379–386
The concept of a glide zone as it relates to upper lid crease, lid fold, and application in upper blepharoplasty
Country RO China, Taiwan Thailand Korea USA
Conjunctival suturing Trans-tarsal suturing
Skin incision Stab incision(s) Partial incision Revisional blepharoplasty Yes
Remove skin No Yes
Orbital septum
Preaponeurotic fat Removed centrally Treatment and preservation of fat
Crease form ‘Bridge connection’ Skin-to-tarsal plate fixation Skin–apon.–skin
Sutures ? 6-0, 7-0
Days left in 7
Effectiveness Partial incision technique. 652 pts, 10 lost crease within a year, 8 pts with asymmetry
Comments Use of pretarsal fibromuscular flap or free graft to prevent re-adhesion Concept paper on fat as a glide zone

Recent Literature (1998–2014) on Asian Eyelid Surgery (in English)
Author WPD Chen Fengzhi, Wei et al. A Kruavit Choi, Eo
Year 2007 2009 2009 2010
Journal Plast Reconstr Surg 120(2):545–552
Beveled approach for revisional surgery in Asian blepharoplasty
Ann Plast Surg 63(3):242–248
Double-eyelid operation recreating the anatomic microstructure
Aesthet Surg J 29(4):272–283
Asian blepharoplasty: 18 yr in 6,215 pts
Ann Plast Surg 64(4):376–380
Tissue thread grafting: nonincisional Double-eyelid operation
Country USA PR China Thailand Korea
Conjunctival suturing
Skin incision Yes. Revisional blepharoplasty On middle-third of eyelid only Likely through small incisions
Remove skin Minimal Dissect medially, laterally, superiorly
Orbital septum
Preaponeurotic fat
Crease form Skin–apon.–skin Three inverted stitches, skin to lev. apon. or inf. edge dermo-orbic. junction (subcut.) buried Thread was passed in ‘same pattern as other non-incisional technique’
Sutures 6-0, 7-0 Threads made from autogenous temporal fascia, CPF, or cadaveric dermis
Days left in 7 9.3
Effectiveness Partial incision technique
Comments Technique and series of patients that underwent revision blepharoplasty for correction of high crease. Net lowering is 2.75 mm in crease height EM and light microscopic study confirms presence of levator fibers to pretarsal skin In 70%, author could use medial anchor stitch to create an outer fold without epicanthoplasty Unclear about the techniques used for passing thread, since such variants exist

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Jan 26, 2019 | Posted by in OPHTHALMOLOGY | Comments Off on Recent Literature (1998–2014) on Asian Eyelid Surgery (in English)
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